Basic Bible Doctrines | Lesson 4 – Pneumatology

I) The Person of the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is not an impersonal force. He is not a mere influence. The Holy Spirit possesses full, distinct personality. He is a person as clearly taught in the Scripture.
A) Personal pronouns are used when relating to the Holy Spirit
1) John 14:16-17
V16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;
V17 Even the Spirit of truth; home the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
2) John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send them to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.
See also John 16:7-14.
The Greek noun for Spirit, which means breath or wind is pneuma and is in the neuter. In John 16:14 the masculine demonstrative pronoun-that one-ekeinos-is used and in Ephesians 1:14 the masculine relative pronoun-who-os-is used.
B) Personal qualities ascribed to Him
1) knowledge -1 Corinthians 2:10-13;1 Corinthians 12:8
2) love- Romans 15:30
3) will- 1 Corinthians 12:11
C) Personal acts attributed to the Holy Spirit
1) He searches the deep things of God- 1 Corinthians 2:10
2) He speaks- Acts 13:2; 21:11; Revelation 2:7, 11, 17, 29
3) He intercedes- Romans 8:26
4) He testifies- John 15:26
5) He teaches- John 14:26
6) He guides- Acts 16:6
7) He commands and appoints- Acts 13:2; 4:20, 28
He communes 2 Corinthians 13:14
9) He works miracles Acts 8:39; 10:38w/ John 14:10
D) Personal treatment related to Him
1) Grieved and rebelled against- Isaiah 63:10; Acts 7:51; Ephesians 4:30
2) Quenched – 1 Thessalonians 5:19
3) Lied unto – Acts 5:3
II) Deity of the Holy Spirit
A) Divine attributes ascribed to the Holy Spirit
1) Eternal – Hebrews 9:14 “How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?”
2) Omniscient -John 14:26 “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” See also John 16:12-13
3) Omnipotent – Luke 1:35 “And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.”
4) Omnipresent – Psalm 139:7-10
B) Divine works in relation to:
1) Creation – Genesis 1:1-2; Job 33:4 “The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.”; Psalm 104:30
2) Giving of life – Genesis 2:7; John 6:63 “It is the Spirit that gives life, of flesh profits nothing…”; Romans 8:2
3) 2 Peter 1:21 – “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.”
C) The Holy Spirit is identified with Yahweh of the Old Testament
1) Isaiah 6:8-10w/ Acts 28:25-27
2) Jeremiah 31:31-34w/ Hebrews 10:15-17
3) Genesis 1:27; Job 33:4: Psalm 95:8-11w/ Hebrews 3:7-9.
D) The Holy Spirit is called God and Lord – Acts 5:3;2 Corinthians 3:17, 18.
III) Names- The scriptural names of the Holy Spirit are:
1) The Spirit – Psalm 104:3; John 3:6-8
2) Spirit of God 1 Corinthians 3:16
3) Spirit of Yahweh- LORD – Isaiah 11:2; 61:1. The word “LORD” in the Old Testament when written in capital letters is always Yahweh.
4) The Spirit of the Living God 2 Corinthians 3:3
5) Spirit of Christ – Romans 8:9
6) Spirit of His Son – Galatians 4:6
7) Spirit of Jesus Christ – Philippians 1:9
Spirit of Jesus – Acts 16:7
9) The Holy Spirit – Luke 11:13
The word Ghost is the oldest English word for Spirit.
10) Spirit of Burning – Isaiah 4:4
11) Spirit of Holiness – Romans 1:4
12) Spirit of Truth – John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13
13) Spirit of Life – Romans 8:2
14) Spirit of Grace – Hebrews 10:29
15) The Holy Spirit of Promise – Acts 1:4-5; Ephesians 1:13
16) Spirit of Glory – 1 Peter 4:14
17) The Eternal Spirit – Hebrews 9:14
18) The Comforter – John 14:26; 15:26
The Greek word is Paraclete, “one called along side to help.” All these names have spiritual significance and we may know the Holy Spirit experientially in the various relationships expressed by His names.
IV) The Work of the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is actively involved in every phase and sphere of divine activity. His purpose or function is to bring forward to completion that which has been conceived of by the Father and executed by the Son.
A) The Holy Spirit in the Life of Christ
1) His coming – 1 Peter 1:10-12
2) Virgin Birth – Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:35
3) His development – Luke 2:40, 52
4) His official consecration – Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21, 22; John 1:31-34; Luke 4:18
5) His temptation in the wilderness – Luke 4:1-13
6) The Ministry of preaching and healing – Matthew 12:28; Luke 4:16-22; Acts 10:38
7) His death on the cross – Hebrews 9:14
His Resurrection – Romans 1:4; 8:11;1 Timothy 3:16
9) Post Resurrection Ministry- Acts 1:2
10) Bestowment of the Holy Spirit – John 15:26; acts 2:33; Ephesians 4:8
11) His representation by the Holy Spirit – John 14:16
12) His Intercession – Romans 8:26, 27, 34
13) His return – Revelation 22:17
14) His millennial reign – Isaiah 32:15
B) The Holy Spirit in the New Birth -Regeneration
Titus 3:4-5
V 4 But after the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared,
V5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
There are a number of Scriptural representations of regeneration which are not so much exact definitions as vivid descriptions of the truth.
1) A new heart and a new spirit – Ezekiel 36:26
2) Born again or born from above – John 3:3
3) A passing from death to life – John 5:24; Ephesians 2:1;1 John 3:14
4) A new creation – 2 Corinthians 5:17; Galatians 6:15
5) A partaking of the divine nature – 2 Peter 1:4
C) Baptism in the Holy Spirit
1) OT Promise – Joel 2:28-29
2) Isaiah 28:12
3) NT Promise – Matthew 3:11; Luke 3:16; Luke 24:49; John 7:37-39; Acts 1:4-8
D) The Promise Fulfilled
1) John 20:22w/ Acts 2:1-4; 2:16-21; 2:28-42
E) The Initial Physical Evidence is:
1) speaking with other tongues – Acts 2:4; 10:34-48;19:1-7
2) the subsequent manifestation of spiritual power in public testimony and service – Acts 8:5-8; 11:11-18; 14:24
V) Church Ordinances
A) Water Baptism
1) Definition – to emerge-Greek, baptidzo, submerge. Originally a Jewish ritual.
2) Scriptural Examples: Matthew 3:1-8, a love and; Luke 3:3, 12, 16, 21; Matthew 3:13-17; Acts to: 38-41; 8:12, 35-38
B) Why Baptism?
1) Commanded and part of Great Commission – Matthew 28:18-20
2) Identification – Colossians 2:11-15; Romans 6:4
3) Conscience – 1 Peter 3:20-21;*Hebrews 10:19-23
C) The Covenant Meal – Lord’s supper -Communion
1) Passover – Exodus 12:3-13; Luke 22:7-20; Matthew 26:26-30; Psalm 105:37
2) NT Ordinance – 1 Corinthians 11:23-32; Hebrews 9:16-18
The cup is for the forgiveness of sins. The bread is for the healing of the body.